API RP 75 pdf download.Recommended Practice for Development of a Safety and Environmental Management Program for Offshore Operations and Facilities
1.1 PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVE
1.1.1 Owners and Operators
This recommended practice is intended to assist in devel- opment of a management program designed to promote safety and environmental protection during the performance of offshore oil and gas and sulphur operations. This recom- mended practice addresses the identification and management of safety hazards and environmental impacts in design, con- struction, start-up, operation, inspection, and maintenance, of new, existing, or modified drilling and production facilities. The objective of this recommended practice is to form the basis for a Safety and Environmental Management Program (SEMP). By developing a SEMP based on this Recom- mended Practice, owners and operators will formulate policy and objectives concerning significant safety hazards and envi- ronmental impacts over which they can control and can be expected to have an influence. The SEMP is based on the following hierarchy of program development: 1. Safety and environmental policy 2. Planning 3. Implementation and operation 4. Verification and corrective action 5. Management review 6. Continual improvement It is recommended that each operator have a safety and environmental management program for their operations. The owner(s) should support the operator’s SEMP. Management (owner and operator) should require that the program elements discussed in Sections 2 through 12 of this publication are properly documented and available at field and/ or office locations, as appropriate for each program element.
The offshore oil and gas industry uses a wide variety of contractors to assist in drilling, production, and construction activities. Contractors typically are in one of the following categories, but this is not an exhaustive list: drilling, work- over, well servicing, construction, electrical, mechanical, div- ing, boat and helicopter transportation, painting, operating, and catering/janitorial. Operators expect contractors to pro- vide safe and reliable equipment as well as trained employees who are familiar with offshore oil and gas operations. This recommended practice does not require contractors to develop a SEMP. However, contractors should be familiar with the operator’s SEMP and should have safety and envi- ronmental policies and practices that are consistent with the operator’s SEMP. Contractors with significant operations and/or contractor- owned facilities (MODU, derrick barge, lift boat, etc.) may consider developing a complete SEMP. A Bridging Docu- ment may be utilized to manage operations. Such a docu- ment will specify which SEMP’s requirements are relevant for specific operations. This may avoid confusion as to oper- ational control and work practices. Contractors with few operations and/or contractor-owned facilities may want to develop safety and environmental poli- cies and practices addressing elements of this recommended practice that are appropriate to the contractor’s activities and considers the safety hazards and environmental impacts of its activities, products and services.
This recommended practice is based on the following prin- ciples: a. Management is responsible for the overall success of the safety and environmental management program. Manage-ment is responsible for developing and endorsing a written program which addresses the elements identified in 1.2.1. b. Management provides leadership in establishing goals and performance measures, demands accountability for imple- mentation, and provides necessary resources for carrying out an effective program. c. Management appoints specific representatives who will be responsible for establishing, implementing and maintaining the safety and environmental management program. d. Management designates specific representatives who are responsible for reporting to management the performance of the safety and management program. e. Management should at intervals it determines, review the safety and environmental management program to determine if it continues to be suitable, adequate and effective. The man- agement review should address the possible need for changes to policy, objectives, and other elements of the program in light of program audit results, changing circumstances and the commitment to continual improvement. Observations, conclusions and recommendations should be documented. f. Management has developed and endorsed a written description of the company’s safety and environmental poli- cies and organizational structure that define responsibilities, authorities, and lines of communication required to imple- ment the management program. g. Management utilizes the expertise of personnel in identi- fying safety hazards, environmental impacts, optimizing operations, developing safe work practices, developing train- ing programs and investigating incidents. h. Owner, operator, and contractor management each have their own responsibility to protect the environment and safety and health of their work forces.