API 653 pdf download.Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction
1.1.1 This standard covers carbon and low alloy steel tanks built to API Standard 650 and its predecessor API 12C. This standard provides minimum requirements for maintaining the integrity of welded or riveted, nonrefrigerated, atmospheric pressure, aboveground storage tanks after they have been placed in service. It covers the maintenance inspection, repair, alteration, relocation, and reconstruction of such tanks. 1.1.2 The scope is limited to the tank foundation, bottom, shell, structure, roof, attached appurtenances, and nozzles to the face of the first flange, first threaded joint, or first weld- ing-end connection. Many of the design, welding, examina- tion, and material requirements of API Std 650 can be applied in the maintenance inspection, rating, repair, and alteration of in-service tanks. In the case of apparent conflicts between the requirements of this standard and API Std 650 or its predeces- sor API 12C, this standard shall govern for tanks that have been placed in service. 1.1.3 This standard employs the principles of API Std 650; however, storage tank owner/operators, based on consider- ation of specific construction and operating details, may apply this standard to any steel tank constructed in accor- dance with a tank specification. 1.1.4 This standard is intended for use by organizations that maintain or have access to engineering and inspection personnel technically trained and experienced in tank design, fabrication, repair, construction, and inspection.1.1.5 This standard does not contain rules or guidelines to cover all the varied conditions which may occur in an existing tank. When design and construction details are not given, and are not available in the standard to which the tank was origi- nally constructed, then details that will provide a level of integrity equal to the level provided by the current edition of API Std 650 must be used.
1.2 COMPLIANCE WITH THIS STANDARD
The owner/operator has ultimate responsibility for com- plying with the provisions of this standard. The application of this standard is restricted to organizations that employ or have access to an authorized inspection agency as defined in 3.4. Should a party other than the owner/operator be assigned certain tasks, such as relocating and reconstruct- ing a tank, the limits of responsibility for each party shall be defined by the owner/operator prior to commencing work.
If any provision of this standard presents a direct or implied conflict with any statutory regulation, the regulation shall govern. However, if the requirements of this standard are more stringent than the requirements of the regulation, then the requirements of this standard shall govern.
1.4 SAFE WORKING PRACTICES
An assessment shall be made of the potential hazards to which personnel may be exposed when conducting internal tank inspections, making repairs, or dismantling tanks. Pro- cedures shall be developed according to the guidelines given in API Standard 2015, Recommended Practice 2016, and Publication 2217A that will include safeguard for per- sonnel health and safety, prevention of accidental fires and explosions, and the prevention of property damage. Special procedures may need to be developed for certain activities described in this standard that are not fully covered by the referenced API publications; for example, safety pre- cautions for personnel accessing floating roof tanks that are in service, or gas freeing the bottom side of a tank. Finally, pro- cedures must comply with any federal or state safety regula- tions pertaining to“confined spaces” or any other relevant provisions.